ITI – Industrial Training Institutes
What is ITI?
Industrial Training Institute stands for ITI. Under the name Trades, it has a number of courses. Each trade focuses on a different set of skills that are needed in that industry. Depending on the course and the student’s skills, the course can last anywhere from six months to three years. Check out the ITI courses after 10th and 12th grade listed below.
ITI, or the Industrial Training Institutes, are run by the DGET (Directorate General of Employment and Training) and give vocational training to students who want to take ITI courses after the 12th. The goal of these classes is to get students to start small businesses and find jobs. Also, candidates can start their own workshops by taking technician or stitching courses.
The main goal of the ITI’s vocational centers is to teach students skills that will help them get jobs and train them to do tasks that are specific to their industry. ITI centers also help Indian industries find people to work for them. India has a number of private and government ITI training centers where students can learn.
How do you qualify for ITI tests?
A candidate must be at least 14 years old and have finished class 10 in science for engineering and technical trades and class 8 for non-technical trades in order to be eligible for these exams. No one is turned away because they are too old.
Depending on the course, students can choose between one-year and two-year courses. The number of people who want to take these courses has gone up because they can help people get jobs more quickly than traditional graduation courses.
Options for Careers After ITI Courses
The 21st century is the century of knowledge and skills; influential professionals in this era have specialized talents or the necessary information and know-how. Therefore, it would be incorrect to assume that ITI courses are subpar compared to others or do not provide significant employment chances.
In fact, with growing unemployment rates, ITI students with the necessary skill set and training will often have a greater chance of finding a job than those with higher academic credentials.
Regarding professional chances, ITI students have two primary choices: pursue higher education or look for employment alternatives. As will be detailed below, each of these choices has its benefits.
1. Additional Studies
Diploma Programmes: Several engineering diploma courses are available for individuals who have completed ITI training in technical trades or engineering fields. Unlike ITI courses, diploma engineering courses encompass academic and practical parts of the field, delving further into each topic.
Specialized Short-Term Training: The Advanced Training Institutes (ATI) provide specialized short-term courses for ITI students from certain trades. Specific to the job profiles or industry needs in the relevant fields, these courses aid students in honing their talents further.
After completing their ITI coursework, students can take the All India Trade Test, often known as the AITT. The NCVT administers the All India Trade Test (National Council for Vocational Training ). The exam serves as a proficiency examination to certify ITI students. Students who complete AITT are given a National Trade Certificate (NTC) in the relevant trade by NCVT. An NTC equates to a diploma in several engineering trades.
2. Career Possibilities
Like other professional and vocational training institutions, ITIs have specialized placement units that handle student placement. These placement cells have connections with several governmental agencies, private businesses, and even overseas corporations that employ the students for positions in various trades.
A. Positions in the Public Sector
The public sector or government organizations are the largest employers of ITI students. After completing their ITI, students may look for work in various Public Sector Units (PSUs), including the Railways, Telecom/BSNL, IOCL, ONGC, State-wise PWDs, and others. Additionally, students might look for job prospects in the Indian Army, a branch of the Indian Armed Forces. BSF, CRPF, the Indian Navy, and the Air Force are paramilitary organizations.
B. Private-sector employment
For trade-specific positions, the private sector, particularly those in manufacturing and mechanics, seeks ITI students. Construction, agriculture, textiles, and energy are some primary industries where ITI students may find profitable employment prospects. Regarding particular job profiles, the most in-demand skills for an ITI student in the private sector are electronics, welding, refrigeration, and air conditioner repair.
C. Independent Work
This is perhaps the most significant benefit of choosing an ITI degree since it enables self-employment and the ability to launch one’s firm. Professionals that provide blue-collar services are in high demand due to the desire for white-collar occupations. As a result, there is a severe lack of skilled and trained plumbers, carpenters, construction workers, agricultural laborers, etc. today. Students who have earned an ITI certificate now have a fantastic chance to launch their own company and work for themselves.
D. Jobs Abroad
After completing their course work, ITI students can look for off-shore employment. Like India, many developed and emerging nations are struggling with a lack of experts in the blue-collar sector—those who can repair items or provide related services. There are many career prospects with worldwide oil and gas plants, shipyards, etc., mainly for specialized skills like fritters.