PIL – Public Interest Litigation
What is PIL?
Public interest litigation is when the law is used to improve human rights and equality or to bring up issues that are important to a large number of people. It helps groups or people who are different or who don’t have as much going for them.
Cases of public interest can come up in both public and private law. Public law is about the different rules and laws that govern how public bodies use their power. Private law is the part of the law that deals with things that don’t involve the government. It can be found in areas like employment law and family law.
Most of the time, judicial review is used to challenge the decisions of public authorities when there is a case of public interest. A judicial review is a type of court case in which a judge checks to see if a public body’s decision, action, or lack of action was legal. Judicial review is concerned with whether the law has been correctly applied, and the right procedures have been followed. See our guide for more information about judicial review and how to file a judicial review challenge.
What PIL is used for?
- PIL is a process that takes into account the people of the country and encourages the public to take part in judicial review of regulatory actions. This makes the judicial system more democratic.
- Its main goal is to protect the people of the country by taking legal action on their behalf and to help minorities and other people or groups who have been left out.
- Instead of affecting a specific person, it gives regular people access to the law so they can get legal help for a more serious problem that affects a large number of people or has a wider public interest.
- For your own good, you might not want to talk about it. If the court thinks the PIL is important to the public, it will take on the case and choose a lawyer to fight it.
- So, we could say that in India, a person or a group of people can only start a lawsuit by sending a letter to a judge.
- A PIL must be filed directly with either the Supreme Court or the High Court.
- People have the right to advocate for a public cause by asking the courts to fix a problem that hurts the public or is in the public’s best interest, such as road safety, dangerous conditions, building risks, and so on.